What Is Orientalia

Chinese Philosophy

Mainstream thoughts of the ideal society in China are contained into the theories created by Confucius. Confucius wanted a world that focused on great peace and one that was made up of people who acted in an organized and rational manner while also performing a series of orders deemed by society itself.

According to Confucius, these orders and norms must be established in order for a society to work. The top ruler, ministers, sons and family, as well as everyone must behave according to their position and follow rules and guidelines that are set around these positions.

China sages believed that family is the most basic and important element of a functioning society. Family is bonded through their blood and the relationship of the father and the son is the absolute core of the relationship, according to the Chinese.

Extended relationships encompass husbands and wives, monarchs and their subjects, senior and junior and also between friends. These Five Cardinal Relationships include almost all relationships between people in a society.

Chinese Philosophy

Chinese Philosophy.
Image © marilyn barbone – Fotolia.com

Japan Philosophy

There are two kinds of philosophy found in Japan. Gogyo has its background as similar to the Chinese five elements and the other is godai which is a Buddhist term in Japan. Godai also gets some influences from Hinduism.

The Five Elements – Earth, Wind, Fire, Wind, and Void

Here’s some info on three of the most common of the five elements.

Chi

Chi is sometimes pronounced as ‘ji’ or ‘tsuchi’. It means “world” and represents the solid objects found on our planet. A very basic example of chi is a stone. Stones resist movement and change.

In humans, chi refers to the bones, muscles, and skin tissue as a representation of chi.

Emotionally, chi refers to stubbornness, hardheadedness, collectiveness, gravity, physicality, and stability.

Basically it is the desire to keep something the same way it currently is. When you are resisting change in your mind, it is confidence.

Sui

Sui means ‘water’. It represents the things that are fluid, flowing, and formless on our planet. When you aren’t referring to the obvious things like a river or a lake, you can also widen the horizon to include plants because they adapt, grow, and change according to their environment. They also tend to change according to the direction of sunlight and different seasons passing by.

Your blood is represented by sui as well as your emotional and mental tendencies that you feel towards changes and forced adaptations.

Sui is associated with:

  • Emotion
  • Defensiveness
  • Adaptability
  • Flexibility
  • Suppleness
  • Magnetism

Ka

Ka represents fire and the energetic and forceful movements coming from moving things on our planet.

Animals are capable of energy and forceful movement and are good examples of ka objects. In the human body, ka represents your metabolism and the body heat that you produce, as well as different mental and emotional thoughts and realms that represent drive and passion.

Spiritually, ka represents:

  • Security
  • Motivation
  • Desire
  • Intention
  • Outgoingness

Indian Philosophy

The systems of Indian Philosophy have done great things for the life of mankind across the entire world. The most common systems in Indian philosophy are known as Samkhya, Yoga, and Vedanta.

Samkhya

Samkhya is the most prominent and oldest of the Indian philosophies. There are two different schools of philosophy that have been developed in India. These are known as Samkhya (the realistic) and Vedanta (the idealistic). Samkhya represents theory and yoga represents practical aspects and their application.

Samkhya is known as what is called a dualistic realism, which means that it advocates two ultimate realities. These are matter (prakriti) and self-spirit (purusha).

Tibetan Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism is a religious doctrine that employs characteristics of:

  • Tibet
  • Mongolia
  • Tuva
  • Bhutan
  • Kalmykia
  • Certain areas of the Himalayas (northern Nepal and India)
Buddhist Stupas in Tibet

Buddhist Stupas in Tibet. On the background – Mount Kailash, holy for Buddhists, Hindus, Jainas and many other Eastern religions adepts.
Image: © Vladimir Melnik – Fotolia.com

Tibetan Buddhism focuses on teaching the three vehicles of Buddhism which are known as the Foundational Vehicle, Mahayana, and Vajrayana.

Mahayana’s goal of development is to achieve the enlightenment sought out by Buddha in order to help other beings attain the same state. The motivation is that you would want to feel good if you knew someone else was feeling good while practicing a certain set of beliefs.

Buddhahood leaves you free from obstructions to liberation and omniscience. You are completely free from all mental obscurations and blocks. Once you achieve this state, you are able to feel continuous bliss mixed with a cognition of emptiness. This results in the true nature of reality. Once you’ve reached this state, all limitations of helping other people are removed.

Popular Buddhist Books

Here’s a list of the most popular books on Buddhism:

  • Buddhism for Beginners – An user’s guide to the Buddhist basics that will answer all of the most commonly asked questions regarding the Buddhist basics. The book begins by answering the question “What is the essence of the Buddha’s teachings?” You will get simple answers in nplain English with this book.
  • The Heart of the Buddha’s Teaching: Transforming Suffering into Peace, Joy and Liberation – Thich Nhat Hanh introduces us to the absolute core beliefs and teachings of Buddhism and helps us realize that the Buddha’s teachings are accessible and realistic to accept into our everyday lives.
  • Buddhism Plain and Simple – This book gives you a clear and straightforward gist on Buddhism and helps you become aware about the teachings in general. The book is written in an uncluttered manner and is easily understandable because it is written in everyday, accessible language.

Amongst many publishers of the Buddhist books, are Shambhala, Rangjung Yeshe, Orientalia.

Check out Buddhist book store at Amazon.

Tibetan Incense

Tibetan incense is a common type of incense that originates from Tibet and Northern parts of Nepal. The incense represents the Tibetan culture as a very important symbol of meaning.

Tibetan incense is much purer than regular incense that we are typically used to. This special type of incense does not have a stick in the middle.

Tibetan Incense

Burning Tibetan Incense.
Image: © Vidady – Fotolia.com

Tibetan medical professionals use incense as a method of treatment for sickness.

Tibetan Incense Shop is a home to the internet’s largest incense shop that carries Tibetan incense. Check out their huge selection of the best Tibetan incense you can find on the internet. They have more than 650 kinds of Tibetan incense and you get free shipping on any order over $70.